1st Symposium on Living with Landscapes
Nile Delta & Sinai, Egypt Expedition
From 10 to 17 November 2007
Visit landforms due to climatic changes of ancient and present Nile Delta coast.
Saturday 10/11/2007: Arrival to Sharm El Shiekh airport.
Monday 12/11/2007:Field trip to Alexandria City by domestic flight:
-Visit The Bibliotheca Alexandrina
-Field trip to western portion of The Nile Delta Coast near Rosetta promontory.
-Alexandria city tour.
-Domestic evening flight to Sharm El Shiekh.
-Field trip to North Sinai by bus to visit the relict of ancient Pelusiac branch of The Nile Delta.
Departure from Sharm El Shiekh airport.
One of the following **** Resorts including breakfast:
Grand Sharm Gardenia Sharm Mexicana Sharm
350€ for each person in double room (children under 12 yr. 50% off) Includes:
1- Accommodation for 7 nights (double room bases)with breakfast.
2-Domestic flight ticket Sharm / Alexandria / Sharm.
3- Tour around Alexandria city and visit Bibliotheca.
4-Guided trip to western portion of The Nile Delta coast .
5-Guided trip from Sharm to North Sinai and back to Sharm.
6-Maps and sientific documents.
1-The expedition fees Not include flight ticket from home to and from
Sharm El Shiekh, and daily lunch and dinner meals.
2-Optional trips can be arranged to Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada and Marsa Alam.
Prof. Magdy Torab
Modern shoreline changes along the Nile Delta coast
as an impact of construction of the Aswan High Dam
Magdy Torab* and Mohamed Azab**
* Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts at Damanhour, Alexandria University, Egypt.Tel.+20102603250, Fax.+20453316378
** Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, Zagazig University, Egypt.
Submeted to: World Congress of Soil Science, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, Jul 9-15, 2006.
Key Words: Mediterranean Sea, Sea Level Changes, Nile Delta Coast, Aswan High Dam, Rosetta and Domietta mouths.
Egypt, said the eminent Greek historian Herodotus, is “the gift of the Nile.”, but The Aswan High Dam is perhaps one of the most controversial of the existing great dams in the world. The construction of the Aswan High Dam was started in 1960, and fully finished ten years later. The construction of the Dam has changed the hydraulic regime of the river downstream. The erosion of the Nile Delta coast was first observed in 1898, but accelerated after the construction of the Dam. One of the major environmental problems of the Dam was the potential drop in river channel downstream of the Dam become silt-free water, and coastal erosion in the Nile Delta coast.
The study area is located on the northern coast of the Nile Delta, It has a length of about 170 km., it consists of 6 geomorphological units: the first unit is the mouths of Nile Delta braches in Rosetta and Domietta, the second unit is the lagoons unit in Edku, El Burolus and El manzala, the third unit is the coastal plain, the forth unit is the barriers, the fifth unit is the coastal dunes and the sixth unit is the coastal sabkhas. The major objective of this study would be to understand the regional evolution of the Nile Delta coast during the last 35 years as an impact of construction of the Aswan High Dam and major sedimentation processes controlling coastal geomorphology such as north winds of coastal erosion, sea-level changes during the period of the study, tectonic subsidence as well as chemical and biological processes.¼br /> Some of the modern changing shoreline positions along the Nile Delta coast were determined by the following methods: comparing satellite images, aerial photographs and historical maps, field observation of the study units, samples will be collected for sediments characteristics analysis, include sediments size, sediments color, organic matter, carbonate contents and grain size analysis and finally analyze the collected data by GIS techniques.
Paleogeomorphology and evolution of the ancient Pelusiac branch of The Nile Delta
Dep. of Geography, Faculty of Arts at Damanhour, Alexandria University, Egypt.
Submeted to: Sixth International Conference on Geomorphology, I.A.G., Zaragoza, Spain, 7-11 September 2005.
The ancient Nile Delta branches has been recognized in various historical maps. The total number of the delta branches were between 3 and 16 distributaries, most of them have silted up except two branches (Rosetta and Damietta). The ancient Pelusiac branch has been traced on the easternmost part of the Nile Delta in the north western corner of the Sinai Peninsula. This paper focuses on identification relics of Pelusiac branch and remapping the paleogeomorphology of the ancient river channel, based on several data resources and methods such as: cartographic analysis of historical topographic maps, detailed geomorphological surveying of some residual landforms and defunct channel by using Total Station and GPS., interpretation of aerial photographs and remote sensing images, morphometric analysis of the relic branch , morpho-sedimentary, fossils and petrographic analysis and C14 dating of boring samples of deltaic plain, coastal ridges and ancient channel as well as its ancient mouth. The present study tries to define the evolution stages of the branch during the Holocene. The major changes before disappearance made by human effects and some natural factors such as: sea level changes, coastal erosion, aeolian deposition, variation of river discharges and tectonic subsidence
Keywords: Nile Delta; Pelusiac branch; paleogeomorphology; ancient Nile Delta.
A geomorphological map of the ancient branches of the Nile Delta
Dr. M. Magdy Torab
Submeted to: The 33rd Annual Summer School, The Society of Cartographers, Middlesex University on 1 st September 1997 .
Abstract: The available information on the characteristics of these branches are based upon the versions of old geographers and explorers . The problem is that these versions are not consistent with the geomorphological chronology of the Nile Delta. The purpose of this paper is to identify the relics of ancient branches of the Nile Delta based upon some cartographical, topographical, geomorphological , and sedimentological evidence . It also presents a Geomorphological map of ancient Nile Delta branches .
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